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Female migration to Australia commenced under the Emigration Commission of 1831-1832. The Commissioners assisted hundreds of women to migrate, and in 1832 despatched two ships whose only passengers were female emigrants: the Red Rover from Cork to Sydney and the Princess Royal from London to Hobart. Liz is currently working on a book with Perry McIntyre which explores the work of the Emigration Commissioners (forthcoming, 2010).

When the Emigration Commission was disbanded, the London Emigration Committee was formed. Between 1833 and 1837, the Committee despatched fourteen ships to the Australian colonies. Of the 4000 people who travelled in these ships, approximately 2700 were single women. The ships were:

Ship

Departure Port

Date of Departure

Arrival Port

Date of Arrival

         

Red Rover

Cork

10 April 1832

Sydney

10 Aug 1832

Princess Royal

London

14 April 1832

Hobart

23 Aug 1832

Bussorah Merchant

London

13 April 1833

Sydney

11 Aug 1833

Layton

London

15 Aug 1833

Sydney

17 Dec 1833

Strathfieldsaye

London

1 May 1834

Hobart

11 Aug 1834

David Scott

London

10 July 1834

Sydney

25 Oct 1834

Sarah

London

16 Oct 1834

Hobart

15 Feb 1835

Duchess of Northumberland

London, Dublin & Cork

19 Oct 1834

Sydney

27 Feb 1835

Canton

London

20 May 1835

Sydney

3 Sept 1835

Charles Kerr

London

9 July 1835

Launceston

19 Nov 1835

Boadicea

London

2 Oct 1835

Hobart

2 Feb 1836

James Pattison

Cork

31 Oct 1835

Sydney

7 Feb 1836

Amelia Thompson

London

28 April 1836

Launceston

26 Aug 1836

Duchess of Northumberland

Cork

26 May 1836

Sydney

3 Oct 1836

William Metcalfe

London

17 Oct 1836

Hobart

24 Jan 1837

Lady Macnaghten

Cork

5 Nov 1836

Sydney

26 Feb 1837

 

Further details on these voyages, and the women who migrated in these ships, can be found in Liz's book Single & Free: female migration to Australia 1833-1837.

Click here for a full list of the women

Click here for a full passenger list for the Bussorah Merchant.

Click here for the full passenger and crew lists for the Lady Macnaghten.