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Female migration to Australia commenced under the Emigration Commission of 1831-1832. The Commissioners assisted hundreds of women to migrate and in 1832 despatched two ships whose only passengers were female emigrants: the Red Rover from Cork to Sydney and the Princess Royal from London to Hobart. The work of the Emigration Commission is described in Liz's book Fair Game: Australia's first immigrant women, written with Perry McIntyre.

When the Emigration Commission was disbanded, the Committee for Promoting the Emigration of Single Women, which became known as the London Emigration Committee, was formed. The Committee embarked 14 female emigrant ships in the years 1833-1836. Ten of these ships sailed from England to New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, and four from Ireland to Sydney. Of the 4000 people who travelled in these ships, approximately 2700 were single women. The ships were:

 

Ship

Departure Port

Date of Departure

Arrival Port

Date of Arrival

         

 Red Rover

 Cork

 10 April 1832

 Sydney

 10 Aug 1832

 Princess Royal

 London

 14 April 1832

 Hobart

 23 Aug 1832

 Bussorah Merchant

 London

 13 April 1833

 Sydney

 11 Aug 1833

 Layton

 London

 15 Aug 1833

 Sydney

 17 Dec 1833

 Strathfieldsaye

 London

 1 May 1834

 Hobart

 11 Aug 1834

 David Scott

 London

 10 July 1834

 Sydney

 25 Oct 1834

 Sarah

 London

 16 Oct 1834

 Hobart

 15 Feb 1835

 Duchess of         Northumberland

 London, Dublin &  Cork

 19 Oct 1834

 Sydney

 27 Feb 1835

 Canton

 London

 20 May 1835

 Sydney

 3 Sept 1835

 Charles Kerr

 London

 9 July 1835

 Launceston

 19 Nov 1835

 Boadicea

 London

 2 Oct 1835

 Hobart

 2 Feb 1836

 James Pattison

 Cork

 31 Oct 1835

 Sydney

 7 Feb 1836

 Amelia Thompson

 London

 28 April 1836

 Launceston

 26 Aug 1836

 Duchess of  Northumberland

 Cork

 26 May 1836

 Sydney

 3 Oct 1836

 William Metcalfe

 London

 17 Oct 1836

 Hobart

 24 Jan 1837

 Lady Macnaghten

 Cork

 5 Nov 1836

 Sydney

 26 Feb 1837

 

Further details on these voyages, and the women who migrated in these ships, can be found in Liz's book Single & Free: female migration to Australia 1833-1837.

Click here for a full list of the women

Click here for a full passenger list for the Bussorah Merchant.

Click here for the full passenger and crew lists for the Lady Macnaghten.