Bounty Emigration Ships

Emigration Commission Ships 1831-1832

In 1832, the Emigration Commission piloted female emigration to Australia by sending two ships, containing 400 young single women, to Sydney and Hobart to balance the male-dominated colonial societies.

SHIP
DEPARTURE PORT
DATE OF DEPARTURE
ARRIVAL PORT
DATE OF ARRIVAL
Red Rover
Cork
10 April 1832
Sydney
10 Aug 1832
Princess Royal
London
14 April 1832
Hobart
23 Aug 1832

London Emigration Committee Ships 1833-1836

Between 1833 and 1837, fourteen ships disembarked approximately 2,700 women at Sydney, Hobart and Launceston under the first scheme for female emigration between Great Britain and the Australian colonies. As Agent to the London Emigration Committee, John Marshall chartered these ships on their behalf. Several of the ships contained only female migrants, while the others contained family and single male migrants in addition to a large proportion of single females.

Note: Various spellings for some of the ships appear in the official documentation and secondary sources.

SHIP
DEPARTURE PORT
DATE OF DEPARTURE
ARRIVAL PORT
DATE OF ARRIVAL
Bussorah Merchant
London
13 April 1833
Sydney
11 August 1833
Layton
London
15 August 1833
Sydney
17 December 1833
Strathfieldsaye
London
1 May 1834
Hobart
11 August 1834
David Scott
London
10 July 1834
Sydney
25 October 1834
Sarah
London
16 October 1834
Hobart
15 February 1835
Duchess of Northumberland
London, Dublin, Cork
19 October 1834
Sydney
27 February 1835
Canton
London
20 May 1835
Sydney
3 September 1835
Charles Kerr
London
9 July 1835
Launceston
19 November 1835
Boadicea
London
2 October 1835
Hobart
2 February 1836
James Pattison
Cork
31 October 1835
Sydney
7 February 1836
Amelia Thompson
London
28 April 1836
Launceston
26 August 1836
Duchess of Northumberland
Cork
26 May 1836
Sydney
3 October 1836
William Metcalfe
London
17 October 1836
Hobart
24 January 1837
Lady Macnaghten
Cork
5 November 1836
Sydney
26 February 1837

John Marshall's Bounty Emigration Ships 1821-1850 

Listed below are some ships which John Marshall chartered for passenger and emigrant traffic, sometimes filling the whole ship, while some ships in the latter years contained only a handful of Marshall bounty emigrants. Unless noted otherwise, Marshall did not own these ships.

John Marshall, of 26 Birchin Lane, Cornhill, was the most active colonial emigration agent before the formation of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commission in 1840.

SHIP
DATE
ARRIVAL PORT
NOTES
Hope
1821
NSW & VDL
Admiral Cockburn
1822
NSW & VDL
Doncaster
1825
NSW
John Marshall owned this ship
Faith
1826
NSW
John Marshall owned this ship
Boddington
1828
VDL
John Marshall owned this ship
Percy
1829
NSW
Bussorah Merchant, Layton
1833
NSW
London Emigration Committee emigrants
Strathfieldsaye, Sarah
1834
VDL
London Emigration Committee emigrants
David Scott, Duchess of Northumberland
NSW
London Emigration Committee emigrants
Canton, James Pattison
1835
NSW
London Emigration Committee emigrants
Boadicea, Charles Kerr
VDL
London Emigration Committee emigrants
Amelia Thompson, William Metcalf (arr. 1837)
1836
VDL
London Emigration Committee emigrants
Camden, Duchess of Northumberland, Lady Macnaghten (arr. 1837)
NSW
London Emigration Committee emigrants
Fairlie
VDL & NSW
Passengers included new VDL governor Sir John & Lady Franklin, and VDL Archdeacon
Alfred, Andromache, City of Edinburgh, Duchess of Northumberland, Upton Castle
1837
NSW
Alfred passengers included Chief Justice Sir Francis Forbes
Amelia Thompson, Coromandel, Fairlie, James Patterson, Upton Castle, Westminster
1838
NSW
Upton Castle passengers included new NSW governor Sir George & Lady Gipps, and Bishop James Goold
Ambassador, Andromache, Coromandel, Fairlie, Isabella, Lady Raffles, Orient, Roxburgh Castle, Royal Consort, Strathfieldsaye, Susan, Lord Western
1839
NSW
William Metcalfe, Westminster,
PPD
The 2nd and 3rd ships to arrive at PPD with bounty emigrants
Andromache, China, Earl Grey, Himalaya, Isabella, Lady Clarke, Lord Western, Mary Anne, Royal Consort, Theresa
1840
NSW
Andromache, China, Coromandel, Himalaya, John Bull, Orient, Theresa
PPD
John Marshall’s brother, Thomas, his wife and family, were cabin passengers on the Andromache
Glenswilly, Jane Gifford, Lady Kennaway, Moffatt, William Jardine
1841
NSW
Argyle, Duchess of Northumberland, Fergusson, Forth, George Fyfe, Gilmore, Lysander, Middlesex, Neptune, Sir Charles Forbes, Strathfieldsaye, Westminster
PPD
John Marshall’s son, Frederick, travelled as a cabin passenger on the Lysander
Andromache, Himalaya
1842
PPD
Alfred
1843
NSW
General Hewitt
Cape Town & Algoa Bay
Jane Frances
1844
NSW & VDL
Cairo, Rainbow, St George, St Anne
Quebec & Montreal
Princess Royal
1846
South Australia
Tom O’Shanter
1847
NSW
Ellen
Quebec & Montreal
General Hewitt
1848
NSW
Mahomed Shah, Lysander, Maitland, Osprey
PPD
Abberton, Constance, Baboo
South Australia
Ava
Quebec & Montreal
Gilbert Henderson, Scotia, Coromandel
Algoa Bay & Cape Town
Athenian
Cape Town
Lady Peel, Kate, Diana, Elizabeth
1849
NSW
Medway, St George, Maitland
PPD
Eliza, Indian, Constance, Duke of Wellington, Himalaya
South Australia
Don, William Broham, Mayflower
Quebec & Montreal
Delta, Stebonheath, Vittoria, Hampshire, Alfred
1850
PPD & South Australia
Advertised by Frederick Marshall of 26 Birchin Lane, Cornhill

KEY:  NSW – New South Wales  |  PPD – Port Phillip District (now Victoria)  |  VDL – Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania)

​For further information see the following publications:
 

John Marshall: Shipowner, Lloyd's reformer and emigration agent,  2020 

Elizabeth Rushen

Single & Free: female migration to Australia 1833-1836,  2016
Elizabeth Rushen


Colonial Duchesses: the migration of Irish women to NSW before the Great Famine, 2014
Elizabeth Rushen

 

Fair Game: Australia's first immigrant women, 2010

by Elizabeth Rushen & Perry McIntyre

Quarantined! The 1837 Lady Macnaghten Immigrants, 2010
Perry McIntyre & Elizabeth Rushen

 

The Merchant's Women, 2008

Elizabeth Rushen & Perry McIntyre

The Bussorah Merchant was the first ship chartered by John Marshall for the London Emigration Committee

State Library Victoria